china AC electric motor factory for over 20 years

As the world prepares to abandon gasoline power to electric, let’s take a quick look at some of the best electric motorcycles on the planet
This is inevitable and irreversible. There is no turning back. The transition from internal combustion engine to full electric is proceeding smoothly, and the pace of development of batteries and electric motors has accelerated in the past few years. Electric motorcycles have now reached the point where they will soon become a viable mass market alternative to traditional machines. So far, small, independent companies have been leading the development of electric two-wheelers, but due to limited resources, they have not been able to scale up on a large scale. However, all this will change.
According to a detailed market research report recently released by P&S Intelligence, the global electric motorcycle market is expected to grow from approximately US$5.9 billion in 2019 to US$10.53 billion in 2025. Promoting electric vehicles, large manufacturers finally accepted the need to switch to electric vehicles and began to prepare for the upcoming great changes. In March of this year, Honda, Yamaha, Piaggio, and KTM announced the joint establishment of a replaceable battery alliance. The stated goal is to standardize the technical specifications of the replaceable battery system of electric two-wheelers, which is expected to reduce development costs, solve the problems of battery life and charging time, and ultimately encourage the wider adoption of electric bicycles.
In the past 10 years, the development of electric scooters and motorcycles has developed in different regions in different ways, in line with local regulations and requirements. For example, in India, cheap, Chinese-purchased, low-quality electric scooters have been used more than ten years ago. They have a small cruising range and poor performance. Now the situation has improved. Some local original equipment manufacturers have provided better manufacturing quality, larger batteries and more powerful electric motors. Considering the very limited challenges of charging infrastructure here, the range and performance offered by these machines are still relatively expensive (compared to traditional motorcycles) and not entirely suitable for everyone. However, you have to start somewhere. Companies like Tata Power, EESL, Magenta, Fortum, TecSo, Volttic, NTPC and Ather are working hard to build and expand electric vehicle charging infrastructure in India.
In the Western market, many of them have established a strong charging network, and motorcycles are more for leisure pursuits than commuting transportation. Therefore, the focus has always been on styling, power and performance. Some electric bicycles in the United States and Europe are now quite good, with specifications comparable to traditional machines, especially when the price is also taken into consideration. At present, gasoline engine GSX-R1000, ZX-10R or Fireblade is still unparalleled in terms of the perfect combination of range, power, performance, price and practicality, but it is expected that the situation will change in the next three to five years. Performance surpasses its predecessors of IC engines. At the same time, let’s take a quick look at some of the best electric motorcycles currently on the global market.
The entry-level model of the Damon Hypersport electric sports bike series, which was unveiled at CES in Las Vegas last year, starts at US$16,995 (Rs 1.23.6 million), and the high-end model can reach up to US$39,995 (Rs 2.91 lakh). The “HyperDrive” electric power system of the top Hypersport Premier is equipped with a 20kWh battery and a liquid-cooled motor that can generate 150kW (200bhp) and 235Nm of torque. This bike can accelerate from zero to 100 km/h in less than three seconds, and it claims a top speed of 320 km/h, which is really shocking if it is true. Using a DC fast charger, Hypersport’s battery can be fully charged 90% in just 2.5 hours, and a fully charged battery can travel 320 kilometers in a mixed city and highway.
Although some electric bicycles look a bit clumsy and awkward, the Damon Hypersport’s body is beautifully sculpted with a single-sided rocker arm, which is a bit reminiscent of Ducati Panigale V4. Like Panigale, Hypersport has a monocoque structure, Ohlins suspension and Brembo brakes. In addition, the electrical device is an integrated load-bearing part of the frame, which helps to increase rigidity and optimize weight distribution. Unlike traditional bicycles, Damon machine adopts electric adjustable ergonomic design (the pedals and handlebars used in cities and highways are located differently), a 360-degree predictive perception system using front and rear cameras, and a remote camera radar to warn riders of potential dangers Dangerous traffic situation. In fact, with the help of camera and radar technology, Vancouver-based Damon plans to achieve complete collision avoidance by 2030, which is commendable.
Honda is a company with a large-scale electric vehicle plan in China. It revealed that Energica is headquartered in Modena, Italy, and in various forms and iterations, Ego electric bicycles have been available for seven or eight years, and are constantly improving specifications and performance. The 2021 specification Ego+ RS is equipped with a 21.5kWh lithium polymer battery, which can be fully charged within 1 hour using a DC fast charger. The battery powers the bicycle’s oil-cooled permanent magnet AC motor, which can generate 107kW (145bhp) and 215Nm of torque, allowing the Ego+ to accelerate from zero to 100kph in 2.6 seconds and reach a maximum speed of 240kph. In urban traffic, the range is 400 kilometers, and on highways it is 180 kilometers.
The Ego+ RS is equipped with a tubular steel trellis, a fully adjustable Marzocchi fork at the front, a Bitubo monoshock at the rear, and Brembo brakes with switchable ABS from Bosch. In addition, there are 6 levels of traction control, cruise control, Bluetooth and smartphone connectivity, and a color TFT instrument panel with integrated GPS receiver. Energica is a true blue Italian company, and Ego+ is a suitable high-performance motorcycle that happens to be powered by an electric motor instead of a high-speed V4. The price is 25,894 euros (2,291,000 rupees), it is also very expensive, and unlike Harley LiveWire, it does not have an extensive dealer network to support after-sales and services. Nevertheless, Energica Ego+RS is undoubtedly a product with pure electric performance and uncompromising Italian sports bike style.
Zero is headquartered in California and was founded in 2006 and has been producing electric motorcycles for the past ten years. In 2021, the company launched the top-of-the-line SR/S powered by Zeroo’s proprietary “Z-Force” electric power system, and adopted a lightweight and robust chassis made of aviation-grade aluminum to reduce weight. Zero’s first full-featured electric motorcycle SR/S is also equipped with the company’s Cypher III operating system, allowing the rider to configure the system and power output according to his or her preferences, thereby helping him or her to better control the bicycle. Zero said that the weight of the SR/S is 234 kg, which is inspired by aerospace design and has advanced aerodynamic characteristics, thereby increasing the mileage of the bicycle. The price is about 22,000 US dollars (1.6 million rupees). The SR/S is powered by a permanent magnet AC motor, which can generate 82kW (110bhp) and 190Nm of torque, allowing the bicycle to accelerate from zero to 100kph in just 3.3 seconds, and has a top speed Up to 200 hours. You can drive up to 260 kilometers in the urban area and 160 kilometers on the highway; like an all-electric bicycle, stepping on the accelerator will reduce the mileage, so speed is a factor that determines how far you can travel above zero.
Zero is one of the few companies that produces a variety of all-electric motorcycles, offering different levels of power and performance. Entry-level bikes start at as low as US$9,200 (Rs 669,000), but they are still very cost-effective. The level of construction quality. If in the foreseeable future, there is an electric bicycle manufacturer that can actually enter the Indian market, it is likely to be zero.
If Harley LiveWire’s goal is to become a mainstream electric motorcycle that many people can afford, then Arc Vector is at the other end. Vector’s price is 90,000 pounds (9.273 million rupees), its cost is more than four times that of LiveWire, and its current production is limited to 399 units. UK-based Arc launched Vector at the EICMA show in Milan in 2018, but the company subsequently encountered some financial problems. However, the company’s founder and CEO Mark Truman (who previously led Jaguar Land Rover’s “Skunk Factory” team responsible for creating advanced concepts for the car of the future) managed to save Arc, and now things are back on track.
Arc Vector is suitable for expensive electric bicycles. It adopts a carbon fiber monocoque structure, which can reduce the weight of the machine to a reasonable 220 kg. At the front, the traditional front fork has been abandoned, and the steering and front swing arm centered on the wheel hub have been used to improve the ride and handling. This, coupled with the radical styling of the bicycle and the use of expensive metals (aerospace-grade aluminum and copper details), makes the Vector look very beautiful. In addition, the chain drive has given way to a complex belt drive system to achieve smoother operation and reduce maintenance work.
In terms of performance, Vector is powered by a 399V electric motor, which can generate 99kW (133bhp) and 148Nm of torque. With this, the bicycle can accelerate from zero to 100kph in 3.2 seconds and reach the electronically limited top speed of 200kph. Vector’s 16.8kWh Samsung battery pack can be fully charged in only 40 minutes using DC fast charging and has a cruising range of about 430 kilometers. Like any modern high-performance gasoline-powered motorcycle, the all-electric Vector is also equipped with ABS, adjustable traction control and riding modes, as well as a head-up display (for easy access to vehicle information) and a smart phone-like tactile alert system, bringing a new era of Riding experience. I don’t expect to see Arc Vector in India anytime soon, but this bike does show us what we can look forward to in the next five or six years.
Currently, the electric motorcycle scene in India is not very inspiring. Lack of awareness of the performance potential of electric bicycles, lack of charging infrastructure, and range anxiety are some of the reasons for the low demand. Due to sluggish demand, fewer companies are willing to make large investments in the development, production and marketing of electric motorcycles. According to a research conducted by ResearchandMarkets.com, the Indian electric two-wheeler market was about 150,000 vehicles last year and is expected to grow by 25% year-on-year in the next five years. Currently, the market is dominated by low-cost scooters and bicycles equipped with relatively inexpensive lead-acid batteries. However, it is expected that more expensive bicycles will appear in the next few years, equipped with more powerful lithium-ion batteries (providing greater cruising range).
The prominent players in the electric bike/scooter field in India include Bajaj, Hero Electric, TVS, Revolt, Tork Motors, Ather and Ultraviolette. These companies produce a series of electric scooters and motorcycles priced between 50,000 to 300,000 rupees, and provide low to mid-range performance, which in some cases can be compared with the level of performance provided by traditional 250-300cc bicycles. At the same time, being aware of the future potential that electric two-wheelers may provide in India in the medium-term future, some other companies also want to participate. Hero MotoCorp is expected to start producing electric bicycles in 2022, Mahindra’s Classic Legends may produce electric bicycles under the Jawa, Yezdi or BSA brands, and Honda, KTM and Husqvarna may be other competitors looking to enter the electric bicycle field in India, although they There is no official announcement in this regard.
Although the Ultraviolette F77 (priced at Rs 300,000) looks modern and stylish and offers reasonable sporting performance, other electric two-wheelers currently available in India are based solely on practicality and do not have any desire for high performance. This may change in the next few years, but it remains to be seen who is leading the trend and how the electric bike market will take shape in India.


Post time: Aug-22-2021